Call for papers – Upcoming Trade & Climate Change Special Issue

This blog is not very active anymore due to my interests veering into other directions but I still gladly put up anything T&E related and relevant that people request of me.

On that note, Trade, Law and Development, a student edited journal on International Economic Law published by the National Law University, Jodhpur is issuing a forthcoming special issue on trade & climate change and Mr. Thomas J. Vallianeth, the managing editor, has asked me to publish the call for papers here. I am only too happy to oblige.

For full details and conditions, please also see the Trade, Law and Development website.

Trade, Law & Development CALL FOR PAPERS:

“Climate change is one of the foremost challenges facing the global community today and intersects with international trade in numerous ways. Sustainable development and protection and preservation of the environment are recognized as fundamental goals of the WTO, although its principal objective is to foster international trade. The WTO permits members to avail of exceptions to its principles in order to protect the environment under specific conditions. The on-going Doha Round has further consolidated the WTO’s stance on the environment by launching the first ever multilateral trade and environment negotiations. Moreover, the recent
COP-15, Rio+20 and Earth Summit negotiations have given significant impetus towards achieving a global solution to climate change. There is hope that this multilateral dialogue will materialise into a global climate change deal in 2015 under the auspices of the UNFCCC. This Special Issue, currently scheduled for publication in June, 2014, will provide an ideal platform for deliberation on the relationship between trade and climate change in the run-up to the proposed 2015 global climate change deal. Accordingly, the Board of Editors is pleased to invite
original, unpublished submissions for the Special Issue on Trade and Climate Change for publication as ‘Articles’, ‘Notes’, ‘Comments’ and ‘Book Reviews’. Preference will be given to submissions that espouse perspectives of developing and under-developed countries.

Manuscripts may be submitted via email, ExpressO, or the TL&D website. For further information and submission guidelines, please visit the Journal’s website: In case of any queries, please feel free to contact us at: editors[at]tradelawdevelopment[dot]com”


T&E Nexus wishes all prospective authors best of luck!





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Some new book tips

Just a quick heads up on a couple of new publications out on trade and environment.

1. Moss et al have a new book out on agricultural globalization trade and the environment. More info here:

It includes information on the operation of the tariff-rate quotas established under the Uruguay Round Agreement, the implications of sanitary and phytosanitary restrictions on trade, and the growing controversy over genetically modified organisms. In addition, several chapters analyze the interaction between agricultural trade and environmental concerns. Put simply, if you are interested in trade and environment from an agricultural standpoint, give this one a look (official publication date April 30th).

2. Per Kågeson has a book out called “Growth Versus the Environment – Is There a Trade-Off?

This book relates the analysis of present-day problems and trends (1960-2010) to clearly defined long-term objectives based on the concept of sustainable development. It covers the use of non-renewable resources in the OECD countries in a global perspective, while the regional environmental impact of economic growth is discussed in a European context. The book also includes an analysis of the potential conflict between pollution abatement costs and economic growth.

3. Rafael Leal-Arcas has a new book out on climate change and international trade. 

This one, to me at least, is especially interesting because of a discussion in it on inserting climate goals within regional trade agreements, given their proliferation – especially bilateral – in the international trading system.

4. Rounding things off, James K.R. Watson, has a new book out called “The WTO and the Environment: Development of Competence Beyond Trade“. This book is a review of the development of the WTO dispute resolution procedure and the power and influence it has gained over the practises of the member countries as well as in other international treaties. The book addresses the development of environmental competency in the WTO and examines the arguments of those who oppose WTO rule making with impacts on the environment. The book also includes an interesting discussion on the WTO-MEA interface and provides some specific policy recommendations for moving forward.




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Moving Forward

My interests have scaled up in scope and breadth during the last year. From a trade and environment perspective with a distinct focus on law and economics I have gradually moved to more philosophical inquiries on the philosophy of value, the curious role of democracy and the nation state, and perhaps especially the stumbling blocks related to power that lie inherent in modern international political strategy.

Especially the connections between these areas and the reshifting of focus from what I consider to be rather archaic modes of operation are of great interest to me.

Along these lines, I have developed the embryo to a philosophical system of power, will and value that I believe can hold some use in being applied to explaining why the modern environmental agenda is in its current sorry state. It is not a magic pill that will give “the answer”, for there is no such silver bullet. But it might, in my opinion, give us a better understanding of why things are the way they are. Hopefully, through later application, it can be used for the realignment of perspectives that I believe are needed to come to grips with many of the most pressing challenges facing us. As I am at Oxford University now, I will spend my upcoming year fleshing out this embryo into a presentable state. Likely I will need more time for a fuller picture though.

I have two upcoming articles coming up also. When they are officially published I will be sure to put up links here. Especially one of them will be highly relevant and interesting to anyone interested in the big picture of how geopolitics affect the environmental agenda. Also there is good material in there on how modern public policy priorities relate or do not relate to powerful vested business interests and the interesting relation that holds to the weakening status of the nation state.

What I thus aim to say with this post is that Trade and Environment is likely to constitute a stepping stone for me in moving towards exploring these broader themes, and this will be reflected in my work and writing. Writing this blog has given me many insights, but the more philosophical, synergistic and big picture nature of my interests will dominate my work going forward. Obviously, I am of the opinion that this is also what is needed at this time with regards to thinking about many of these diverse yet interlocking issues. It is not for lack of technical expertise in law or economics that we do not progress as quickly as hoped. There are more subtle forces at work, many of whom cannot be reached by quantitative methods, hard science or any of the other things that make us feel in control. To focus squarely on them, make the connections, and move them from vagueness to clarity is what I plan to do.

Best regards,

C.Johan Westberg

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Summer hiatus

I am finishing a couple of publications as well as hoping to enjoy the summer a bit during the following weeks. Thus i’m putting the blog under summer hiatus. Enjoy the summer and thanks for a great spring session!


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Couldn’t make it to Rio+20?

A short piece to remedy your curiosity about the experience on the ground

What is it like to be at Rio+20?

It can be hard to get a physical “feel” for attending a mega-gathering like this from only reading on websites, so I will write out a short piece on the everyday experience of attending the conference.

Unsurprisingly, the most striking immediate impact is  the scale. The food court alone is the size of a hangar, security is everywhere, and a hundred things happen simultaneously at all times. Still, there is a palpable sense of calm throughout the convention center. I hesitate to say that the atmosphere is subdued, but I wouldn’t exactly say it’s explosive either. Not to suggest that this is a bad thing. We all remember the “chaos” of the Copenhagen climate summit, and certainly Rio+20, from what I’ve seen, seems downright serene by comparison. Not once have I felt crowded anywhere in the convention centre.

Information about the time and location of meetings is provided in real time on flatscreens (think airport terminal) in each of the conference centers. But of course, most people just walk with laser focus to the one or few meetings that they are personally engaged with on that day. It is understandable, but also a bit of a shame, considering the abundance of expertise and interesting events that go on. Be that as it may, this is still clearly the event of the year for most people attending, and the atmosphere and quality of presentations shows it. Put simply, people bring their “A-material” and their best shirt.

Language issues do occur on occasion, although the designated helpdesks scattered around form little islands of help provided in advanced english. Put more tangibly, if your portugueses is as bad as mine, you might be using some hand signalling at the food court and in a myriad “little” situations around Rio+20. Obviously, when compared to other parts of Rio, the service in English is still excellent.

Traffic in Rio is terrible however, full stop. The official shuttles remedy this to a certain extent, but many participants will probably still see their taxi budget overstretched from sitting in traffic. Riocentro, the main conference centre, is clearly out of the way from the city proper. Consequently, many of those who opted for the more “touristy” areas of copacabana and ipanema might end up regretting their choice, especially if they need to swing back and forth a lot and spend the time that goes with it.

On the physical area itself, and considering all the hubbub surrounding the conference, one might also wonder if it is very “built up”, perhaps flashy even?

Nope. Not at all.

The main Riocentro area goes in a very minimalist style, clearly favouring simplistic wood panelled function over form. There are very small art exhibits scattered here and there, but dwarfed by the giant buildings they become curious and overlooked asides rather than actual attractions.

So what are the coffee conversations going on at Rio+20 in between the events? It’s early still so of course there are no news yet on an actual rio declaration (though everybody knows it’s looking grim). Once anything on this leaks out, I’m pretty sure it will dominate the water cooler conersation. But lacking that, people seem to discuss their trials and tribulations with traffic and, of course, their work and what they do. However, there doesn’t seem to be that much “cross-breeding” going on between people of different discplines meeting spontaneously at the conference. Everybody is too busy for that. Even I could be schmoozing random people in the cafeteria right now, but instead I choose to produce some work, and most seem to make the same choice.

Of course, this short description just wouldn’t be complete without some comments on Rio itself. Temperatures during the day vary between 25 and 29 degrees, it’s humid but not oppressively so, and caipirinhas on the beach are about 8 BRL (around 27 SEK or 4 USD). In short, it’s a very nice location for a conference. So the great location, of course, is also one of the most frequent topics of conversation at this early stage of the conference.

There are many more days to go, but I hope this short description has provided a less “sterilized” account of attending the behemoth that is Rio+20.

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In Rio de Janeiro for Rio+20

The next couple of days will be an experiment.

I am in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil for a few days covering Rio+20 for SEI. I will tweet and write blogposts about the conference, so it’s a nice jaunt into journalism for me and very different from my usual work. My presence at Rio+20 is broader than just trade and environment issues and will cover many aspects of climate change and sustainable development.

My main event schedule looks as written out below for the next couple of days. I’ll be writing about all these here, as well as on the “experience” of Rio+20 more generally. The ones below are the events SEI has helped organize and are involved in so naturally they will be  my focus. However, I do plan to also engage with as many interesting other events as I can during my time here.

(See also my twitter livefeeds from these events – @JohanWestberg is my brand new Twitter account.)

16th of June: 
Sustainable Development in the Face of Rapid Climate Change: High Alpine Region
Room T-6, RioCentro, 1.30pm – 3pm
More info

17th of June:
Rio+20 High Level Dialogue on Global Sustainability 
Riocentro, 10am-6pm

18th of June:
The economics of Low Carbon Cities
Room T-10, RioCentro, 11.30-13.00

Sustainable Development Dialoues: Water
Riocentro, plenary room, 13.30-15.00

Reframing environmental negotiations to create opportunities
Room P3-F, RioCentro, 14.30-18.00

19th of June 

Energy for All and Global Sustainability
Room T-6, RioCentro, 09.30-11.00

This will be as interesting for me to try as I hope it will be for you to follow. Looking forward to get to Riocentro tomorrow (official conference venue), and very glad I have my badge and registration done already.

Greetings from Brazil!


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Europe on the move

So the EU is clearly still roiling around in crisis land, with fears over a greek exit from the EMU probably being foremost on people’s minds at the moment.

However, there is a lot of movement by the EU elsewhere that is getting much less attention. Especially on trade and environment related issues, so I’ll go through a couple things that are good to be aware of.

First, France (or rather their new minister of “industrial revival”) is starting to make more noise with regards to carbon tariffs. In this article, which looks at this, they rightly point out that the idea was already brought forth by the Sarkozy government in the past, but ultimately didn’t get much traction. I’ve written quite a bit on carbon tariffs already, so we’ll see how much of this is hot air and posturing and how much is serious intent to expend political capital on putting in place external measures. But still, France is one of the powerhouses of the EU community so it is far from unimportant to note that their new government comes out swinging this early on carbon tariffs.

Second, European solar manufacturers are gathering for a big push to file a trade complaint with Brussels against Chinese market distortions. By doing this, they are following the lead of their American counterparts who similarly filed a case and got the US to slap antidumping duties onto imports of Chinese solar equipment. Does this mean Brussels will for sure go the same route? No, of course not, but the American precedent is likely to give them a bit of confidence in going this route. Also, for non trade nerds, this does not mean a WTO case will come out of this automatically. However, severe EU antidumping duties would make it a lot more likely as China would then see both key markets for solar basically putting up the shield against them.

Third, in EU renewable energies policy there are some tendencies that point to uncertainty beyond 2020 (which is the date that current measures stretch out to and have as their goal). Plenty of investors are likely to look at the uncertainties that surround a lot of renewable energy policy and think: Then what? The EU-RED was after all a hastily put together piece of legislation, and much hooplah has surrounded it, including doubts over its effectiveness and set of definitions. Getting more certainty on just what the thinking is in the commission will be helpful, though I’m not entirely sure that they have a firm idea themselves at this point. It’s still 8 years to go, but it’s still not exactly an ocean of time considering the lead time of investment and the current uncertainties prevailing (and all the debate that will surely arise because of this). Next months publication might give some indication of what the thinking is going forward.

Fourth and lastly, I wanted to note that DG Trade (the EU Directorate General for Trade) are rightly proud that their first EPA (Economic Partnership Agreement) has gone live with an African region. By gone live I mean it is starting to be applied with regards to four of the countries that have been involved in the negotiations: Madagascar, Mauritius, Seychelles and Zimbabwe. The EPA:s are an interesting instrument that have had some trouble in the past to produce results in the African region. The word “region” is likely to be a key word there since the complexity of the negotiations are upped significantly by having these agreements struggle for regional integration alongside development. Oh, and for those of you who began reading this paragraph thinking: What on earth is an EPA? You can find info here.
With regards to trade and environment, EPA:s hold great potential to deal with “adjacent” areas such as sustainable development as part of these bilateral negotiations. It is no secret that I am personally quite intrigued by the potential of bilateral agreements for moving environmental issues forward, so this is one instrument to watch, though it is something of a special case compared to “vanilla” FTA:s due to their strong development focus. Although that distinction of “normal” FTA is becoming more and more blurred as they are increasingly the primary tool for moving trade relations and governance forward, and with it follows a more holistic approach when engaging with them as well as, arguably, a deeper political aspect.

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An hour with Achim Steiner, Executive Director of UNEP










Skepticism ahead of Rio+20 is rife, let’s be honest. 

And for good reason: We are still a long way from having even a proper definition of Green Economy, a concept which is considered the cornerstone of the conference and of sustainable development at large. Meanwhile, the European financial crisis dominates many a political mind, with environmental conferences finishing, at best, a distant second on the current political radar. Amidst all this doom and gloom, I recently had a rare chance to hear what one of the true leaders of the environmental movement had to say about all this.

More specifically, I attended a small-group meeting on the 23rd of April with Achim Steiner, Executive Director of UNEP. He spoke in an informal setting in Stockholm in the think tank cluster where I work. This talk was especially interesting since it concerned primarily big-picture issues ahead of Rio+20, many of which I consider supremely relevant and symptomatic also of the environmental movement as a whole. But I am getting ahead of myself.

My immediate reaction, when settling down to listen, was that you wouldn’t think the environmental movement was in any sort of crisis by just observing Mr. Steiner. Calm and collected, he talks of issues of momentous importance with requisite gravity, but also possessing the tempered intellectual detachment that undoubtedly is needed to observe the troubled state of the world as it truly stands.

Thinking about the Future

The future is a favourite subject of environmentalists, and this time was no different as it was the subject that opened up the talk. Interestingly, Mr. Steiner proposed a changing of mindset just with regards to this:

 “We used to talk about the future, but we are already in the future. In fact, we can’t even catch up with all the change that is happening environmentally to the planet.”

Agreed. In fact, a continously future-oriented approach can be tricky since it inherently lulls you into the feeling that the time that really matters is always just beyond the horizon. Indeed, it is this very collective delusion that completely runs much of the public stance towards climate change and other severe environmental problems. Larry King, the famous CNN host, perhaps said it best: “Nobody cares what happens 50 years from now”. Particularly if such caring implies that something onerous must be done right now of course.

Global Change and Society

The word change was one that also ran like a thread throughout the stream-of-consciousness style of the talk delivered by Mr. Steiner on this day. Even UNEP itself, the premier world environmental organization (and a likely candidate to expand into a true world environmental organization at some point) is changing rapidly.

On this note of change, Mr. Steiner uttered the unfortunate opinion that I myself hold, which is that Rio+20 is unlikely to be a “game-changer”. It will, in all honesty, probably not be the conference that will be talked about generations from now. Why? Steiner jots it down to the simple point of lacking political will, without going too deep into why this is. As someone who is very interested in the changing geopolitics of the world I have a few guesses, but I’ll resist the temptation to go off on a sidetrack here. The important thing, Steiner continued, was to keep the faith. Rio might not be the watershed moment that we all long for and want to see as soon as possible. However, he continued, it is the faith of civil society that is important at this juncture, and particularly in the case of a “blah” Rio+20 outcome.

Again, I couldn’t agree more. The environmental community at this point is sufficiently hard at core to withstand the blows of a failing multilateral system, but how robust is the engagement of civil society? Arguably, it’s nowhere near as robust as we would like, and further interrupted momentum can take a long time to rebuild. So, considering the implications, let’s not kid ourselves and just call a spade a spade. Disillusionment rules the roost right now, even in environmental institutions and in an increasingly skeptical civil society, whose financial reality is being turned upside down on a daily basis. An alarming signal, that Steiner also pointed out, is that the environmental movement is not all that young anymore. Many of the people working on these issues have now been in this “game” for 20-25 years. And it is exactly among these people that disillusionment seems to be most rampant. This is disturbing, but I wager that it also points to a certain subtle hubris that has existed in the environmental movement: That of success in splendid isolation. That is to say the belief that the movement would somehow organically transform the state of the world through its own momentum and without really needing outside help from “old” society.

Nope, turns out we still need politics, finance ministers and civil society to be on board with this. It’s just that the true inertia of these systems is finally beginning to dawn on the brave souls that led the initial charge of the environmental movement, and this realization is perhaps depressing a lot of these “old hands”.

In any case, Steiner continued by noting that he thinks Rio+20 is unlikely to do any damage either (a statement that is pretty indicative of the expectation level in and of itself).

Moving Forward

So what to do? Here is where Steiner contrasted the decidedly gray state of things as they stand with the key questions and actions for moving forward.

Number one on the to-do list: The ability of instituitions to create imperatives for action. That is the key question according to Steiner. The reasons for this are many in his opinion. First of all, we now live firmly in the age of the anthropocene. Put simply, human activity leads environmental change. However, this realization remains largely theoretical on most levels, and this prevents us from generating fitting responses to what is happening around us. More than this, he continues, a separate problem is that even if we had the required level of comprehension of this fact, our institutions are stuck in a largely obsolete state. The speed with which this change is happening is something our current social, political and economic systems are simply not equipped to handle. So how to change this? Well, Steiner suggests that a “big one” to embrace for the vanguard of the environmental community is becoming more economically literate. The debates on environmental issues all too often stop flat on questions of economics, employment, growth, trade and competitiveness. This will not do. The environmental community must learn to be comfortable with these questions, something they are clearly not at the moment. Put simply, the environmental knowledgebase must be economically viable. Lacking this, there is a risk that the superficial penetration of many of these supremely important concepts becomes chronical and effectively neutered.

As for UNEP itself, Steiner’s ship to sail in very troubled waters, the institution is given a lot of responsibility,but perhaps not the requisite influence and power it needs to actually exact the change that is needed. Certainly Steiner seems to think so. He suggests to take the organization to “the next level”. That is to say the institution must be transformed to be able to deal properly with the real scope of the issues that it is facing. Almost everyone agrees that environmental governance needs to be improved, and Steiner is adamant about putting in place a strong “anchor” environmental organization as a foundation from which to work. Without a strong core, governance will always suffer, and environmental issues will continue to be secondary, at best, to other concerns.

But governance of course extends beyond just the multilateral form. Arguably even more important in the coming years will be the role of governments. More specifically, for governments to properly capture in laws & regulations the societal “streams” of public choices and priorities that are currently ongoing. That is the job of government after all, and it is especially important now to facilitate public discourse and choice. Importantly, Steiner suggests that governments must also become much faster at detecting and channeling this public choice. It is a classic democratic idea, the state as a vehicle for the citizens, but it’s a very important one, and an idea that the private sector should also have no trouble coping with.

Hopes for the Future

Reflecting broadly, Steiner ended his take on the situation by wishing that one day, hopefully we will live in a world where the environment ministers are the second most important ministers after the heads of state. But to get there, the institutional and governance questions need to be solved. It is lamentable, Steiner also notes, that UNEP was born by being put into an environmental “box”. A box that it is now struggling to get out of as the true nature and scope of the challenges facing it are becoming clear.

Succinctly, a closing quote by Steiner captured much, in precious few words, about the challenge of finding constructive  paths to the future:

“To have creative interactions is very important, and that is where we are now.”

And on that note, perhaps the very idea and concept of Rio+20 does make the conference truly worthwhile after all. If just for a moment one lets go from the results-oriented mindset that demands solutions delivered yesterday, and instead witnesses the conference in a more benevolent light, seeing it as an attempt at just the type of creative interaction that Steiner hopes for, and that is so sorely needed at this stage. At least seen from this perspective, the conference might even already be a success.

Thanks to Tim Lehmann and Caroline D’Angelo for editing suggestions on this article. 

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New Tuna-Dolphin ruling, importance for future eco-labelling?

The WTO Appellate Body just came out with its latest ruling in the long-ongoing US-Mexico tuna dispute.

Now, tuna-dolphin has a pretty bad connotation in the environmental community, where it primarily brings to mind attempts from the WTO to undermine national regulations for consumer protection and environmental improvement. This is probably not an entirely fair characterization, but let’s just say thank goodness that Shrimp-Turtle came along and restored much of the environmental community’s faith in the Appellate Body’s ability to reach reasonable decisions that involved environmental overtones.

So what does the latest part in the Tuna-Dolphin saga has to say? Well, quite some interesting stuff since it actually goes into things of systemic relevance. Most talked about is what this will mean for so called “eco-labelling” schemes going forward.

ICTSD puts it succinctly in their reporting:

Labelling policy “mandatory”, though no import pre-condition

Of greater systemic importance is the Appellate Body’s general finding that the measure at issue – the US label, which also does not permit labels that deploy another standard – is a mandatory technical regulation and thus subject to the TBT Agreement. The US had disputed this position, pointing to the fact that eligibility for the label was not an importation or marketing requirement. Instead, Washington maintained, the importance of the label was exclusively the result of consumer preference.

In siding with the panel experts, the judges criticised the US measure for establishing a single and legally mandated definition of the term “dolphin-safe”, whatever context it may be used in. “In doing so, the US measure prescribes in a broad and exhaustive manner the conditions that apply for making any assertion on a tuna product as to its ‘dolphin-safety’, regardless of the manner in which that statement is made,” the ruling concludes, referring to the question of whether the measure is mandatory and voluntary.

The ramifications of this finding for other labels are yet to be seen. But experts immediately point to the dispute of what the term “organic” means and whether organic can include genetically-modified organisms. With another label dispute in the pipeline – an Appellate Body decision in the COOL dispute is set to be released this summer – this year is set to enlighten the critical relationship of trade, market access, and labels.

Clearly, the importance of this label in terms of market impact was given quite some weight. The US probably thought they had a pretty strong case when being able to show that importation was not dependant on the label, but the AB seems to think these initiatives run deeper than that, as do arguably their effects so perhaps it is appropriate (though setting up for a more complicated analysis). Put simply, the scope for what constitutes a mandatory technical regulation seems to be nuanced with this ruling. Interestingly, this is about “owning the concept”, as much as it is about regulation. The US clearly sought to control the “dolphin safe” label, and with that will for control came WTO responsibility that the AB apparently did not think they fulfilled in a satisfactory manner.

So yes, what this means for eco-labelling remains to be seen, but perhaps something can be tentatively teased out already: These labels are certainly not regarded as some fringe activity, with clear competitive advantages being acknowledged by the AB. This is obviously dependant on the support and ambition of the label, but the focus on the attempt to control the conceptual basis of the label puts an abstract twist on eco-labelling that will make it harder to weasel ones way out of WTO responsibility through regulatory wizardry. Thus, due to their market impact, the AB seems to require a deeper approach to labelling that go beyond just importation requirements, which of course will be important if other environmental labelling schemes ramp up in speed and importance. That is to say the voluntary nature of these labels cannot necessarily just be a legalistic construction, with recognition that the economic and competitive implications might nevertheless make them “mandatory” and thus subject to TBT.

Definitely an interesting ruling coming out of the AB. I haven’t really gone into detail, but it seems to me that the decision to reject the AIDCP as an international standard still leaves the door open for more stringent and fairer labelling schemes that are more generally applicable. It’s above all the even-handedness of the US labelling measure, or rather the lack of it, that seems to have bothered the AB in reaching the conclusion that it had discriminatory effects. And indeed this would be entirely in line with the mission of the multilateral trade body.

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Attending Rio+20

I’ve been exceedingly busy the last couple of weeks, but before I make another post I thought I’d share that I will be attending Rio+20  and will be in Rio de Janeiro from the 12th to the 24th of June. I will have dual roles there as I will both be a reporter for an international student organization called Oikos, as well as helping to cover the event for SEI, where I currently work.

If you are going to Rio+20 and are interested in trade & environment issues, don’t hesitate to get in touch with me and I’d gladly meet up for a coffee and a discussion on these issues!

Also, if you are interested in the “experience” of being at Rio+20, please do follow my writings here, at the Oikos blog, and at SEI:s coverage and participation in the conference.

Lastly, if you have anything interesting published on the trade/SD linkages and how they relate to Rio+20, don’t hesitate to let me know about it!


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